From Dr. James McCall in Jacksonville, FL
Extraction refers to the removal of one or more teeth from the mouth. This may occur for a variety of reasons. For instance, some baby teeth have misshapen or long roots which prevent them from falling out as they should. In these instances, the tooth must be removed to make way for the permanent tooth to erupt. Other times, a tooth may have so much decay that it puts the surrounding teeth and jaw at risk of decay or infection, so your doctor may recommend removal and replacement with a bridge or implant. Other common reasons for extraction of a tooth include, but are not limited to: infection, severe gum disease, fractured teeth, orthodontic correction, or insufficient space for wisdom teeth.
When it is determined that a tooth needs to be removed, your dentist may extract the tooth during a regular checkup or may request another visit for this procedure. While this procedure is typically very quick, it is important to share with your doctor any concerns or preferences for sedation. Typically, your dentist will numb the area surrounding the tooth that is being removed in order to lessen any discomfort. The root of each tooth is encased within your jawbone in a “tooth socket,” and your tooth is held in that socket by a ligament. In order to extract a tooth, your dentist must expand the socket and separate the tooth from the ligament holding it in place. In certain instances, a surgical extraction is necessary and, therefore, an incision will most likely be required. This method is most commonly utilized for the removal of teeth which cannot be easily accessed within the mouth.
Following extraction, a blood clot forms in the tooth socket within a short period of time. As your procedure may vary based upon individual circumstance, your dentist will advice you of your post extraction regimen. However, it is necessary to avoid anything that might prevent normal healing (e.g. avoid smoking, physical activity, rubbing the area with your tongue, eating hard foods). Once a tooth has been removed, neighboring teeth may shift, causing problems with chewing or with your jaw joint function. To avoid these complications, your dentist may recommend that you replace the extracted tooth or teeth with an implant, denture, or bridge.
Contact our dental office in Jacksonville, FL to learn more about dental extractions.